Class A Subnet
Traditionally subnets have been broken down into three size classes based on the 4 octets that make up an IP address. For example: 123.001.002.178. Class A was any subnet that shared the first octet. Apple for example has a class A subnet. The first octet was 0017. All IP addresses starting with 17 are controlled by Apple. A class A subnet has over 16 Million possible IP addresses. Apple thus effectively controls 1/255th of the Internet.
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